Also known as bed sores, pressure sores are a skin disease that usually affects the elderly, those who are bedridden and also individuals in wheelchairs. This lesion often forms on parts of the body that are squeezed between the bone and a support for a long time and on a frequent basis. It is also caused by prolonged immobilization on the bed or sitting on a support. In France, it affects about 300,000 people. Fortunately, there are a few things you can do to prevent bedsores.
Use of specific equipment
One of the most effective ways to prevent pressure sores is to use the right materials. In most cases, pressure sores develop rapidly when patients are in constant contact with hard surfaces. It is advisable to equip them with quality materials such as soft seats and mattresses. This is to ensure that the person is as comfortable as possible.
Continuous movement to prevent pressure sores
Another way to prevent pressure sores is to perform various movements. This reduces the amount of pressure on certain parts of the body. It is preferable that the individual continuously adopts different positions when in bed or in a wheelchair. For bedridden people who are unable to move on their own, they should be helped to change position every 3 to 4 hours at most. They can also be provided with medical beds that make movement easier. It is best to alternate between lying down, sitting up or hanging leg.
Hygiene and good nutrition
Last but not least, good hygiene and a balanced diet are important for the prevention of pressure sores.
It is important that people with this disease have a good diet. Indeed, a loss of weight accentuates the development of bedsores. It is advisable to enrich their food with protein products. Do not hesitate to vary their diet while ensuring that they are properly hydrated.
Hygiene is a crucial factor in preventing pressure sores. Doctors recommend that the toilets of elderly people or those who cannot move should be carried out carefully. It is important that the areas hidden under the folds do not become a wet area. Moisture usually leads to maceration, which in turn leads to the development of pressure sores.